The oldest and most significant piece in the furniture collection is the imperial throne from the City Hall, made from older parts in 1521-22 to a design by Albrecht Dürer. Other pieces give a sense of the art of cabinetmakers from Nuremberg and its environs in the 17th to 18th centuries. Complete rooms in the Biedermeier and Historicism styles offer examples of the residential ideals of the 19th century.

The most recent furniture in the collection comes from the offices used by National Socialist mayor Willi Liebel during a dark period in the city's history.