Today the city of Nuremberg is closely associated with the Nuremberg Trials in the perception of the international community. However, a distinction must be drawn between the two types of trials to which this designation refers.

The most famous of the Nuremberg Trials was the Major War Criminals Trial that was held before a specially established allied military tribunal in the period from November 20, 1945 to October 1, 1946. This trial was followed by 12 other trials from December 1946 to April 1949, which are commonly referred to as the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials. These trials were held before exclusively U.S. American military tribunals. The subsequent trials differ from the first trial in that the former was conducted before an international tribunal.